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Air Quality Management Areas in Highland Council area.
Boundary of all Deer Management Groups in Scotland. For more information go to https://www.nature.scot/professional-advice/land-and-sea-management/managing-wildlife/managing-deer
One of four component layer of the Scottish map of relative wildness. This layer shows remoteness from the public road, rail and ferry network. The dataset is on a scale of 1-256 indicating relative levels of remoteness. Consequently the data is best viewed at a national or regional scale. The methodology is adapted from the 2008 Wildness Study in the Cairngorms National Park. Remoteness is taken as the relative time taken to walk from the nearest public road, railway stationor ferry landing (being the point of mechanised access), taking account of distance, relative slope, ground cover and barrier features such as open water and very steep ground.
The Core Paths aim to satisfy the basic needs of local people and visitors for general access and recreation. They comprise a mixture of existing and some new paths. The Core Paths cater for all types of users - walkers, cyclists, horse riders, people with disabilities, and are a key part of outdoor access provision. The Fife Core Path Network is shown as lines, covering the whole of Fife, on the approved Core Path Plan as defined by a public consultation and public inquiry, as mandated by the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003 that placesm,on the local authority, the duty to draw up a plan for a system of paths ('core paths') sufficient for the purpose of giving the public reasonable access throughout their area'. These 'core paths' systems will be available for recreation and everyday journeys by local people and visitors, providing opportunities for walking, cycling, riding and other activities for all ages and abilities.
One of four component layer of the Scottish map of relative wildness. This layer shows perceived naturalness of the landscape. The dataset is on a scale of 1-256 indicating relative levels of naturalness. Consequently the data is best viewed at a national or regional scale. The methodology is adapted from the 2008 Wildness Study in the Cairngorms National Park. Each different land class is given a 'naturalness score' from 1 (low perceived naturalness) to 5 (high perceived naturalness). For example built up areas and gardens are scored 1, arable and horticultural land are scored 2, calcareous grassland scored 3, acid grass scored 4 and bog scored 5. A focal statistics window of 250m is passed over the dataset averaging the naturalness values to account for surrounding areas.
Many countries around the world have begun to adopt zonation systems as a strategic framework to guide their approach to the conservation, enhancement, understanding and use of the natural heritage. The natural heritage zonation approach adopted by SNH is intended to provide a logical framework, reflecting the diversity of Scotland's natural heritage, within which SNH can clearly and simply plan and execute its work. The zones are not, therefore, intended as a classification of the natural heritage but, rather as an operational tool which is founded in the natural heritage.
Local nature reserves are areas of (at least) locally important natural heritage, designated and managed by local authorities to give people better opportunities to learn about and enjoy nature close to where they live. They are found across the country, but generally close to towns and cities. More details are available here: http://www.snh.gov.uk/protecting-scotlands-nature/protected-areas/local-designations/lnr/ Where we have not been supplied with data by local authorities we are extracting it from a previously produced SNH national dataset.
The Standing Waters Sample Points dataset is a GIS dataset of survey sample locations used during the course of the Scottish Loch Survey Project. The statutory nature conservation agencies in Scotland, England and Wales have a long history of carrying out routine aquatic plant (macrophyte) surveys of lakes. This involves identifying and estimating the abundance of emergent, submerged, floating leaved, and free-floating macrophytes that grow in or near the water. The results of these surveys are held in the Standing Waters Database which is available to view on the SNH website. (http://gateway.snh.gov.uk/pls/apex_cagdb2/f?p=111:1000:1289803086875801).
Local Authorities have a duty to designate any relevant areas where the air quality objectives are not (or are unlikely to be) being met as Air Quality Management Areas (AQMAs). AQMAs must be designated officially by means of an 'order'. The extent of the AQMA may be limited to the area of exceedance or encompass a larger area. Following the declaration of an AQMA, the local authority is required to develop and implement a plan (Air Quality Action Plan) to improve air quality in that area. AQMAs can be for a combination of NO2, SO2, PM10. Most data provided by local authorities is in polygon format. However, some is provided in point and line form so we are currently buffering such data by the width of a road or so in order to merge them in to the national polygon dataset. Some smaller local authorities e.g. Dundee, use the entire extent of their local authority, as digitised in Ordnance Survey's BoundaryLine dataset, for the AQMA. We have included date of AQMA declaration in our national schema, though many LAs do not currently provide this. Revoked AQMAs are now held in this dataset with a 'Date revoked' attribute
22 candidate Special Landscape Areas (cSLAs) were identified in the approved Review of Local Landscape Designations (Feb 2010). The candidates are based upon landscape character assessment and evaluation of relative landscape value following the methodology set out in ‘Guidance on Local Landscape Designations’ published by SNH and Historic Scotland (2004). Candidates will be designated through the forthcoming Local Development Plan and will replace the existing local landscape designations: Areas of Great Landscape Value (AGLV) and Areas of Outstanding Landscape Quality (AOLQ). In the interim the Review will constitute a material consideration in the determination of planning applications. cSLAs are accompanied by ‘Statements of Importance’, which set out their key characteristics and attributes.